What kind of disease is Coronavirus?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause serious losses, from the common cold to more serious diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The new coronavirus, identified by Chinese authorities on January 13 and called COVID-19, is a new species not previously identified in humans. It is transmitted from person to person through droplets. The World Health Organization has made a global emergency decision by stating that the risk of spreading to other countries in the world is high. That is why health officials around the world have taken action for the COVID-19 outbreak. The COVID-19 outbreak has been seen in many countries around the world, especially in Asia, Europe and America, and it continues to be seen. In our country, the first case of COVID-19 occurred on March 10, 2020, and health officials work devotedly in disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment processes.
How is the Coronavirus Spreading?
When someone with COVID-19 coughs or exhales, it spreads around the droplets of saliva that carry the virus. These droplets fall on nearby surfaces, tables or phones. People infect the virus by touching COVID-19 smeared surfaces or objects and then touching their eyes, noses or mouths with their hands. If a person with COVID-19 is standing within one meter, droplets can be taken into the body through breathing during coughing, sneezing and speech, as in flu and cold.
What are the symptoms of Voronavirus?
Individuals experience symptoms of high fever, (38 and above) cough and shortness of breath, which begin 1-14 days (incubation period) after the virus enters the body.
It has been observed that some patients have sore throat and runny nose. The disease can also cause gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. However, some patients may have very mild symptoms or no symptoms, despite being in virus systems. The risk of serious illness increases with age. The disease generally affects people aged 60 and over. People with a weakened immune system, those with health problems such as diabetes, heart and chronic lung disease should develop more seriously, but should be more careful.
What should be done to prevent Coronavirus?
Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day
Stay away from smoking
Move and play sports at home.
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds. Have small children wash their hands in the same way.
If water and soap cannot be found, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper, then throw it away.
Do not touch your mouth, nose, and eyes with dirty hands.
Avoid eating raw or undercooked animal products. Prefer well cooked food.
Avoid personal contact with patients who have symptoms of coronavirus or have been diagnosed, such as eating with the same captain, sharing the same glass or kissing.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as door handles and toys.
Unless obligatory, do not leave the house and enter crowded places. If you have to enter, take measures by closing the mouth and nose or using a medical mask.
Do not stay close to the people during the communication process, follow the social isolation and quarantine measures.